Kyaukmyaung is famous for the
manufacture of large glazed earthernware pots known as Martaban
jars, established when 5,000 Mon war captives were settled in
the area by King Alaungpaya (1752–1760) after his conquest
of Pegu. The glazed pots were also called Ali Baba jars and transported
down the river on bamboo rafts. The biggest of these jars can
hold about 105 gallons (over 400 litres) of water or food, mainly
fish paste or ngapi, fish sauce or nganpyayei, and peanut oil.